Ernst Wollweber and the Wollweber Gruppe
In 1931 Ernst Wollwber (29 October 1898 – 3 May 1967) was elected to the leadership of the International Union of Seamen and Harbour Workers (ISH).
After the Reichstag fire of February 1933, the KPD was outlawed in Germany. Ernst was forced to flee to Copenhagen and later to Leningrad. From 1936 to 1940, Wollweber organized the “Organisation Against Fascism and in Support of the USSR”, better known as the Wollwber League which conducted 21 known acts of sabotage against the ships of Fascist nations sailing from Scandinavian and other northern European ports. In 1937, Wollweber became a weapons supplier to the Republican side in the Spanish Civil War.
Several documents from National Archives can be read about Wollwber but also the Dutchmen Jan van Schaik (24 juni 1908 Rotterdam – 7 september 1943 Plötzensee) and Theordore Fleure, correct spelling Fleeré (15 juli 1900 Amsterdam – 19 december 1943 Sachsenhausen).
A lot of members of the Wollweber Gruppe were murdered at Plötzensee.
Members of the Wollweber Gruppe lived In Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Germany Holland and Belgium.